Nitrofurantoin mono mac used for

Contents

  1. 1. About nitrofurantoin
  2. Nitrofurantoin (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic
  3. You might find these useful...
  4. Nitrofurantoin, Oral Capsule

If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks.

1. About nitrofurantoin

Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:. Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history.

Nitrofurantoin oral capsule can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.

Nitrofurantoin (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic

To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Do not take these drugs with nitrofurantoin. Examples of these drugs include:. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking. If you have an allergic reaction, call your doctor or local poison control center right away.

If your symptoms are severe, call or go to the nearest emergency room. Taking it again could be fatal cause death. For people with kidney disease: If you have a history of kidney disease, you may not be able to clear nitrofurantoin from your body well. This could lead to a buildup of nitrofurantoin. This raises your risk of side effects. For people with liver disease: You should not use nitrofurantoin. It can make your liver damage worse. For pregnant women: During weeks 0—37 of pregnancy, nitrofurantoin is a category B pregnancy drug. That means two things:.

Animal studies do not always predict the way humans would respond. Nitrofurantoin can cause red blood cell problems in a newborn. For this reason, women who are pregnant should not take this drug:. For women who are breastfeeding: Nitrofurantoin may pass into breast milk and cause side effects in a child who is breastfed.

Talk to your doctor about breastfeeding your child. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication. For seniors: The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. For children: Do not use any form of nitrofurantoin in infants younger than 1 month.

Macrodantin and its generic form are safe for use in children older than 1 month. Macrobid and its generic form have not been studied in children younger than 12 years of age.

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They should not be used in this age group. This dosage information is for nitrofurantoin oral capsule. All possible dosages and drug forms may not be included here. Your dosage, drug form, and how often you take the drug will depend on:. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dosage or a different treatment schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages.

Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you. Nitrofurantoin oral capsule is used for short-term treatment of urinary tract infections. The brand-name drug Macrodantin and its generic form may also be used for long-term prevention of urinary tract infections. Your urinary tract infection may not go away and may get worse.

If you stop taking this drug suddenly, the bacteria that caused your urinary tract infection could become resistant to this drug. Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. The bacteria that caused your urinary tract infection could become resistant to this drug. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times. If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body.

Symptoms of an overdose of this drug can include:. But if your symptoms are severe, call or go to the nearest emergency room right away. What to do if you miss a dose: Take your dose as soon as you remember. It happens because antibiotics kill the normal harmless bacteria that help to protect you against thrush. Nitrofurantoin doesn't stop contraceptive pills working, including the combined pill and emergency contraception. However, if nitrofurantoin makes you vomit or have severe diarrhoea 6 to 8 watery poos in 24 hours for more than 24 hours, your contraceptive pills may not protect you from pregnancy.

Look on the pill packet to find out what to do. Read more about what to do if you're on the pill and you're being sick or have diarrhoea. There's no firm evidence to suggest that taking nitrofurantoin will reduce fertility in either men or women. However, speak to a pharmacist or your doctor before taking it if you're trying to get pregnant and you or your partner are taking this medicine.

Nitrofurantoin can make you feel dizzy or sleepy. If this happens, do not drive or cycle until you feel better. It's unlikely that drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry supplements helps treat or prevent urinary tract infections. It's possible that a straightforward urinary tract infection may clear up on its own without any treatment. However, it's usually best to treat a urinary tract infection with an antibiotic, or it could spread to the kidneys and lead to more serious problems.

Page last reviewed: Skip to main content. Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic. The most common side effect of nitrofurantoin is an upset stomach. Taking this medicine with or straight after food will help prevent a stomach upset. You'll feel better within a few days for most infections.

You can drink alcohol while taking nitrofurantoin.

Nitrofurantoin may turn pee dark yellow or brown. This is quite normal. Pee will return to normal after you finish taking the medicine. Nitrofurantoin is also called by the brand names Aratoin, Macrobid, Macrodantin and Furadantin. Nitrofurantoin can be taken by adults including pregnant and breastfeeding women.

To make sure it's safe for you, tell your doctor if you have: Important Carry on taking this medicine until the course is completed, even if you feel better. How to take it Swallow nitrofurantoin tablets and capsules whole. Do not chew or break them. There's a liquid nitrofurantoin for people who find it difficult to swallow tablets.

Treating & Preventing Urinary Tract Infections

How long will I take it for? What if I forget to take it? Never take 2 doses at the same time. Never take an extra dose to make up for a forgotten one. What if I take too much? Taking an extra dose of nitrofurantoin by accident is unlikely to harm you. Talk to your pharmacist or doctor if: Like all medicines, nitrofurantoin can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them.

Common side effects These common side effects of nitrofurantoin happen in more than 1 in people. Keep taking the medicine, but talk to your doctor if these side effects bother you or don't go away: Serious side effects Serious side effects are rare and happen in less than 1 in 1, people. Call a doctor straight away if you get: Contact a doctor straight away if: What to do about: It may also help if you avoid rich or spicy food. Take small, frequent sips if you feel sick. Signs of dehydration include peeing less than usual or having strong-smelling pee.

Do not take any other medicines to treat diarrhoea or vomiting without speaking to a pharmacist or doctor. If it helps, eat smaller meals more often than usual. Snack when you're hungry. Have nutritious snacks that are high in calories and protein, such as dried fruit and nuts.

Nitrofurantoin, Oral Capsule

Do not drink too much alcohol. Painkillers you can buy without a prescription, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen , are safe to take with nitrofurantoin.


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Speak to your doctor if these don't help with the headaches or the headaches are severe. It's usually safe to take nitrofurantoin during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Nitrofurantoin and breastfeeding Tell your doctor before taking nitrofurantoin if you're breastfeeding. Important Tell your doctor if you're trying to get pregnant, are already pregnant or if you're breastfeeding. There are some medicines that don't mix well with nitrofurantoin. Tell your doctor if you're taking these medicines before you start nitrofurantoin treatment: Mixing nitrofurantoin with herbal remedies and supplements There are no known problems with taking herbal remedies and supplements with nitrofurantoin.

Important For safety, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you're taking any other medicines, including herbal remedies, vitamins or supplements. How does nitrofurantoin work? Nitrofurantoin works in a different way from other antibiotics. Nitrofurantoin kills the bacteria by entering their cells and damaging their genetic material.

When will I feel better? You should feel better within a few days. What if I don't get better? Will it give me thrush? Ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice if this happens to you. Will it stop my contraception working? Will it reduce my fertility? Can I drive or ride a bike?